basic precautions to protect against a new coronavirus infection!
1. Wash your hands regularly
Regularly treat your hands with an alcohol-containing product or wash them with soap.
Why is this necessary? If there is a virus on the surface of the hands, then treating the hands with an alcohol-containing agent or washing them with soap will kill it.
2. Keep a distance in public places
keep at least 1 meter away from people, especially if they have a cough, runny nose and fever.
Why is this necessary? Coughing or sneezing, a person suffering from a respiratory infection, such as 2019-nCoV, spreads tiny droplets containing the virus around him. If you are too close to such a person, you can get infected with the virus by inhaling air.
3. If possible, do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth with your hands
Why is this necessary? Hands touch many surfaces on which the virus may be present. By touching the infected hands to the eyes, nose or mouth, you can transfer the virus from the skin of the hands into the body.
Follow the rules of respiratory hygiene
When coughing and sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a napkin or elbow bend; immediately throw the napkin into a trash container with a lid and treat your hands with an alcohol-containing antiseptic or wash them with soap and water.
Why is this necessary? Covering your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing helps prevent the spread of viruses and other pathogens. If you cover your nose and mouth with your hand when coughing or sneezing, germs can get on your hands, and then on objects or people you touch.
4. In case of fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical help as soon as possible
If you have visited areas of China where 2019-nCoV is registered, or have been in close contact with someone who has symptoms of respiratory illness after traveling from China, inform a medical professional.
Why is this necessary? Fever, cough and difficulty breathing require immediate medical attention, as they can be caused by a respiratory infection or other serious illness. Symptoms of respiratory damage in combination with an increase in temperature can have a variety of causes, among which, depending on the trips made by the patient and his contacts, may be 2019-nCoV.
5. Follow the latest information and follow the recommendations of medical specialists
Follow the latest information about COVID-19. Follow the recommendations of specialists, central and local public health authorities, as well as the organization in which you work, to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.
Why is this necessary? The central and local health authorities have the most up-to-date information on the dynamics of the incidence of COVID-19 in your area. They can issue the most appropriate recommendations on personal protection measures for residents of your area.
methodological recommendations on the rules of conduct during a state of emergency
To date, a large number of memos and instructions for the population containing behavioral recommendations for the prevention of coronavirus infection are posted on the Internet and social networks. At the same time, they are all disconnected or have a situational character.
These rules are written in an accessible language and contain a set of algorithms for the actions of the population in everyday life and may change depending on the situation of the spread of the disease in our country.
RULES of conduct during a state of emergency
RULE 1. Do not leave your home, except in extreme cases when it is really necessary (to buy food, medicines, receive medical care and vital services).
Do not visit parks, playgrounds, banks, PSC, bazaars, any mass gathering of people. Children should leave the house only in emergency cases, with the observance of precautions and with older family members.
RULE 2. You should communicate with other people remotely by means of communication. You should not go to visit and receive friends and family members who do not live with you at home.
RULE 3. In order to have to leave the house less often, the following measures should be used:
Remote work, the use of video calls, messengers, conference calls.
Use the services of delivery of products and goods to the doorstep of the house.
It is recommended to postpone all medical procedures except for critical and urgent cases.
RULE 4. Persons from the high-risk group must necessarily stay at home.
The high-risk group includes elderly people and people with severe chronic diseases of any age; suffering from respiratory diseases, autoimmune and cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, oncological diseases.
In cases where people from the risk group live separately, their loved ones should:
inform them about the restriction of leaving the house and monitor their movement outside the house;
organize a schedule of their visits only for the purpose of providing food, medicines, basic necessities and providing the necessary medical care;
keep all restrictions on meetings with them, including keeping a distance, handshakes and hugs, as well as visiting time;
provide them with all contacts in case of need of first aid.
RULE 5. Follow the rules of personal hygiene:
Avoid physical contact, including kissing, hugging, and shaking hands.
Disinfect the door handles and the doors themselves.
Use disposable wipes to protect the contact of hands with surfaces. Crumple them well before throwing them into closed trash cans.
Wash your hands frequently for 30 seconds.
Do not touch your face until you have washed your hands.
Ventilate the premises more often (at least 3-4 times a day for 15 minutes).
Do a wet cleaning twice a day using chlorine-containing products.
When coughing and sneezing, always do it in the elbow, and in no case in the palm or air.
Smokers are at high risk! Refrain from smoking, especially hookahs, through which the risk of infection is maximum.
Do not use shared cutlery, do not eat from the same plate and do not pass on to others the food that you have bitten off or tasted.
While at home, stick to a healthy lifestyle, watch your diet, exercise.
RULE 6. When going outside:
Before going out, wear a medical mask, a headdress, gloves (if possible medical), as well as outerwear with long sleeves.
Gather your hair. Do not wear rings, earrings, bracelets.
Try not to use public transport. It is better to move around on your own transport or on foot, avoiding crowded places.
Keep a distance from people (2 meters).
Wash your hands every time you encounter surfaces or disinfect with gel.
RULE 7. If you went out to the grocery store or pharmacy:
Make sure that a small number of people are present in the store or pharmacy. If you see that there are more than 10 people in the room, you should stay outside and wait for some of the buyers to go outside.
*Sellers and owners of shops and pharmacies need to limit the number of buyers to no more than 5 per 50 sq.m., no more than 10 buyers per 100 sq. m., etc.
When visiting a store or pharmacy, keep at least 1.5-2 meters away from people, especially if they have a cough, runny nose and a painful appearance.
When visiting a store or pharmacy, try not to touch the product unnecessarily, touch only the product that you have chosen to buy.
Buy products in sealed packages and wrappers.
Try to pay with payment cards. If you touch money or other items, treat your hands with an alcohol-containing agent.
RULE 8. When using public transport (if you still used it):
When traveling by bus or trolleybus, treat your hands with a disinfectant.
When you get to the end point of the trip, wash your hands immediately with soap.
If someone starts coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a clean handkerchief or napkin. In the absence of such items, protect your face with the inside of your elbow, not with your palms.
Avoid close contact with a person who, in your opinion, looks bad. In this case, it would be more correct to wait for the next bus.
Do not talk to passengers on public transport. Try to stay as far away from them as possible.
If possible, open the windows in the transport. This is very important, such protection measures should not be avoided.
Do not touch your face (mouth, nose, eyes) with your hands during the entire trip.
RULE 9. When returning home:
Try not to touch anything until you wash your hands or disinfect them.
The sole of the shoe must be wiped with a cloth moistened with chlorine or other disinfectants. It is also necessary to wash the paws of the pet that was walking.
Carefully remove the mask and gloves and hermetically pack them in a bag and throw them away. Immediately take off all your clothes and throw them in a bag to wash. Leave bags, keys, wallet, phone, etc. in the box at the entrance. Then disinfect.
Take a swim. If it is not possible, thoroughly rinse all areas of the body that have not been closed.
Clean the surfaces of bags and purchases with bleach before putting them in place (the composition of the solution is 20 ml: bleach – javel – lechia – whiteness, etc. per 1 liter of water).
Apply similar measures when receiving goods by delivery services.
RULE 10. How to monitor your health:
Postpone all scheduled medical examinations, examinations and operations that require visits to medical organizations.
In case of health problems with existing chronic diseases, it is advisable to use remote medical services (telephone consultations or social networks), without visiting a polyclinic.
Take your temperature twice a day.