Yury Basin

Yury Grigoryevich Basin (the 28th of March 1923 – 5th of November 2004) – a Kazakh lawyer, civilian, one of the main founders of the modern school of civil law in Kazakhstan, initiator of higher legal education in Kazakhstan, Doctor of Law.

In 1949 he graduated externally with honours from the Almaty State Institute of Law (Almaty) and became a lawyer. In 1954 he defended his thesis “Independent-Work Contract for Capital Construction” at the Institute of State and Law of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Moscow).” In 1965 he defended his PhD thesis “Problems of Soviet Housing Law” at the Leningrad State University. In 1966 he was awarded the academic title of professor.

Professional experience

After graduating from university, regarding scientific and pedagogical work: Acting Head Teacher of the Almaty branch of the All-Union Correspondence Judicial Institute (1949-1950); teacher in Almaty School of Law of the Ministry of Justice of the Kazakh SSR (1950-1952); teacher, assistant teacher at the Almaty State Institute of Law (1952-1955); then he was promoted from assistant teacher to professor at the Kazakh State University (1955-1995), Head of the Civil Law Department of the Law Faculty (he was the Head of the Department for more than thirty years – from 1969 till 1990); he had been working for ten years as the Dean of the Law Faculty (1975-1985). In 1990-1995 – Professor of the Civil Law Department of the Law Faculty of the Kazakh State University (Kazakh National University). In 1994-1997 – Professor of the Civil Law Department of the new State Law University of Kazakhstan – Kazakh State Law Institute (then – University).

Participation in legislative activity

He participated in the drafting of the Civil Code of the Kazakh SSR (1963), the Code on Marriage and Family of the Kazakh SSR (1969), the Housing Code of the Kazakh SSR (1983), as well as all-union property laws (1990) and the Principles of Civil Legislation of the USSR and republics (1991). In the first decade of the formation of an independent state of the Republic of Kazakhstan, he was the Vice Chairman of the working group for the development of more than 40 draft laws (1992-1998), 38 of which were adopted as laws or decrees of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan that have the force of law. He participated in working out of about 60 draft laws, codes, Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The most important of them are: the Civil Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan (General and Special Parts) on the protection and support of private enterprise, foreign investment, land, oil, subsoil and subsoil use, privatization, bankruptcy, mortgage, on the registration of real estate, housing relations, limited and additional liability partnerships, individual enterprise, etc. In 1995, during the development of the current Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, he was a member of the Advisory Board under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the draft of the new Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan. This body examined and summarized the comments and suggestions made during the nationwide discussion of the draft of the new Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Scientific and pedagogical activity

He prepared a whole constellation of talented students. 3 PhD and 12 master's theses were defended under his scientific supervision. Among his students one may note Anatoly Grigoryevich Didenko, Professor, Doctor of Law, one of the founders of the Academy of Jurisprudence – Adilet Higher Law School, the author of scientific papers on the latest civil legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Ubaydull Stamkulov, Candidate of Juridical Sciences, member of the Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Raikhan Dosanova, Candidate of Juridical Sciences, lawyer, a member of the Advisory Board of the Commission on Human Rights under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kasym Maulenov, Professor, Doctor of Juridical Sciences, a winner of Ch. Valikhanov prize in science, a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Majilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan. For years Yu.G. Basin was a regular member of the Academic (Specialized, Dissertation) Councils on the defence of master’s and doctorate theses in the civil law at a number of universities; he was a member of the Dissertation Council at the Tomsk State University (1970-1992). In recent years he worked as a member of the Joint Dissertation Council on the defence of PhD theses, established by the Kazakh Humanities and Law Institute (KazGUU), Adilet Higher Law School of the Academy of Jurisprudence, Kazakh Academic University at KazGUU, and then – a member of the Joint Council of KazGUU and Adilet Higher Law School of the Academy of Jurisprudence for the same specialties, he was a member of one of the Dissertation Councils in Bishkek. He worked as a scientific adviser of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, was a member of many Scientific Advisory Boards: the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Supreme Courts of the Kazakh SSR and RK, and Supreme Arbitration Courts of the Kazakh SSR and the RK, and other public authorities. Being a highly respected Kazakh lawyer, he acted as an expert for the Kazakh Law in the Paris International Court of Arbitration (1998, twice), Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (1999), Arbitration Court in Washington, D.C. (2000). He was a member of the editorial boards of Adilet Scientific Papers (1997), Law and the State (1997) magazines, a member of the editorial board of Entrepreneur and Law (1999) magazine.

Organizational activity in the field of legal education

In 1992, along with several other prominent lawyers, he established the first private law school in Kazakhstan, which is now the Academy of Jurisprudence – Adilet Higher Law School as a part of the Caspian Public University. He was a member of the Board of Regents (1992), the Academic Council and the Dissertation Council, Professor of the Civil Law and Civil Procedure Department of the Academy. He was a co-founder of Aequitas - one of the law firms successfully operating in Kazakhstan. Yu.G. Basin was one of the few Kazakh lawyer-scientists of world renown. Due to his personality, scientific papers and books, one of the civil jurisprudence centres in the USSR and then in CIS countries was formed and developed in Kazakhstan over the last years.

Scientific papers

Yu.G. Basin published more than 200 scientific works, including 30 monographs and textbooks.